Prof. Dr. Steffen Nestler 

Prof. Dr. Steffen Nestler


Consulting Hours: Wednesday 4 - 5 pm

Room: 3003 (stairway A)

Tel.: +49 (0) 341 - 97 35931

E-Mail: steffen.nestler(at)


Research Interests

Estimation of structural equation models

Social relations model and social network models
Modelling intra-individual variability

Applications of the lens model
Judgmental accuracy and judgmental biases


Journal articles (peer-reviewed)

in press

Nestler, S. (in press). Likelihood estimation of the multivariate social relations model. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics.

Kunzmann, U., Nowak, J., Thomas, S., & Nestler, S. (in press). Value relativism and perspective taking: Two distinct facets of wisdom-related knowledge. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.

Hall, J. A., Back, M. D., Nestler, S., Frauendorfer, D., Schmid Mast, M., & Ruben, M. A. (in press). How do different ways of measuring individual differences in zero-acquaintance personality judgment accuracy correlate with each other? Journal of Personality.

Humberg, S. C., Dufner M., Schönbrodt, F., Geukes, K., Hutteman, R., Van Zalk, M.,  Denissen, J. J. A., Nestler, S., Back M. D. (in press). Enhanced versus simply positive: A new condition-based regression analysis to disentangle effects of self-enhancement from effects of positivity of self-view. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Nestler, S., Geukes, K., Hutteman, R., & Back, M. D. (in press). Tackling longitudinal round-robin data: The Social Relations Growth Model. Psychometrika.

Oeberst, A., von der Beck, I., Back, M. D., Cress, U., & Nestler, S. (in press). Biases in the production and reception of collective knowledge: The case of hindsight bias in Wikipedia. Psychological Research.

Salazar-Kämpf, M., Lieberman, H., Kerschreiter, R., Krause, S., Nestler, S., & Schmukle, S. C. (in press). Disentangling the sources of mimicry: Social relations analyses of the mimicry-liking link. Psychological Science.


Geukes, K., Nestler, S., Hutteman, R., Dufner, M., Küfner, A. C. P., Egloff, B., Denissen, J. J. A., & Back, M. D. (2017). Puffed up but shaky selves: State self-esteem level and variability in narcissists. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 112, 769-786.

Geukes, K., Nestler, S., Hutteman, R., Küfner, A. C. P., & Back, M. D. (2017). Trait personality and state variability: Predicting individual differences in within- and cross-context fluctuations in affect, self-evaluations, and behavior in everyday life. Journal of Research in Personality, 69, 124-138.

Nestler, S., & Back, M. D. (2017). Using cross-classified structural equations models to examine the accuracy of personality judgments. Psychometrika, 82, 475–497Supplemental materials at OSF

Nestler, S., Leckelt, M., Back, M. D., von der Beck, I., Cress, U., & Oeberst, A. (2017). Produktion von naturwissenschaftlichen Informationen im Internet am Beispiel von Wikipedia. Psychologische Rundschau, 68, 172-176.

von der Beck, I., Oeberst, A., Cress, U., & Nestler, S. (2017). Cultural interpretations of global information? Hindsight bias after reading Wikipedia articles across cultures. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 31, 315-325.


Nestler, S. (2016). Restricted maximum likelihood estimation for parameters of the social relations model. Psychometrika, 81, 1098-1117. Supplemental materials at OSF


Leckelt, M., Küfner, A. C. P., Nestler, S., & Back, M. D. (2015). Behavioral processes underlying the decline of narcissists’ popularity over time. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109, 856-871.

Hirschmüller, S., Egloff, B., Schmukle, S. C., Nestler, S. & Back, M. D. (2015). Accurate Judgments of Neuroticism at Zero Acquaintance: A Question of Relevance. Journal of Personality, 83, 221-228.

Hutteman, R., Nestler, S., Wagner, J., Egloff, B., & Back, M. D. (2015). Wherever I may roam: Processes of self-esteem development from adolescence to emerging adulthood in the context of international student exchange. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 767-783.

Nestler, S. (2015a). Using Instrumental Variables to Estimate the Parameters in Unconditional and Conditional Second-Order Latent Growth Models. Structural Equation Modeling, 22, 461-473.

Nestler, S. (2015b). A specification error test that uses instrumental variables to detect latent quadratic and latent interaction effects. Structural Equation Modeling, 22, 542-551.

Nestler, S., Grimm, K. J., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2015). The social consequences and mechanisms of personality: How to analyse longitudinal data from individual, dyadic, round-robin, and network designs. European Journal of Personality, 29, 272-295.

Nestler, S., Thielsch, M., Vasilev, E., & Back, M. D. (2015). Will they stay or will they go? Personality predictors of dropout in an online study.
International Journal of Internet Science, 10 (1), 37-48.

Thielsch, C., Ehring, T., Nestler, S., Wolters, J., Kopie, I., Rist, F., Gerlach, A. L., & Andor, T. (2015). Metacognitions, worry and sleep in everyday life: Studying bidirectional pathways using ecological momentary assessment in GAD patients. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 33, 53-61.


Nestler, S. (2014). How the 2SLS/IV Estimator Can Handle Equality Constraints in Structural Equation Models: A System-of-Equations Approach. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 67, 353-369.

Oeberst, A., von der Beck, I., & Nestler, S. (2014). Reading about explanations enhances perceptions of inevitability and foreseeability. A cross-cultural study with Wikipedia articles. Cognitive Processing, 15, 343-349.

Stopfer, J. M., Egloff, B., Nestler, S., & Back, M. D. (2014). Personality expression and impression formation in online social networks: An integrative approach to understanding the processes of accuracy, impression management, and meta-accuracy. European Journal of Personality, 28, 73-94.

Selected earlier publications (see the CV for a list of all publications)

Hirschmüller, S., Egloff, B., Nestler, S., & Back, M. D. (2013). The dual lens model: A comprehensive framework for understanding self-other agreement of personality judgments at zero acquaintance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 335-353.

Küfner, A. C. P., Nestler, S., & Back M. D. (2013). The two pathways to being an (un-)popular narcissist. Journal of Personality, 81, 184-195.

Nestler, S. (2013). A Monte Carlo study comparing PIV, ULS, and DWLS in the estimation of dichotomous confirmatory factor analysis. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 66, 127-143.

Nestler, S. & Back, M.D. (2013). Applications and extensions of the lens model to understand interpersonal judgments at zero acquaintance. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 374-379.

Nestler, S., Egloff, B., Küfner, A. C. P., & Back, M. D. (2012). An integrative lens model approach to bias and accuracy in human inferences: Hindsight effects and knowledge updating in personality judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 698-717.

Nestler, S., Blank, H., & Egloff, B. (2010). Hindsight ≠ Hindsight: Experimentally induced dissociations between hindsight components. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36, 1399-1413

Nestler, S., & Egloff, B. (2009). Increased or reversed? The effect of surprise on hindsight bias depends on the hindsight component. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35, 1539-1544.

Nestler, S., Blank, H., & v. Collani, G. (2008). Hindsight bias doesn't always come easy: Causal models, cognitive effort and creeping determinism. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 34, 1043-1054.

Nestler, S., Blank, H., & v. Collani, G. (2008). Hindsight bias and causal attribution: A causal model theory of creeping determinism. Social Psychology, 39, 182-188.

Blank, H., Nestler, S., v. Collani, G., & Fischer, V. (2008). How many hindsight biases are there? Cognition, 106, 1408-1440.

Blank, H., & Nestler, S. (2007). Cognitive process models of hindsight bias. Social Cognition, 25, 132-146.

Book chapters

Back, M., & Nestler, S. (2017). Dual-process approaches to personality. In R. Deutsch, B. Gawronski, & W. Hofmann (Eds.), Reflective and impulsive determinants of human behavior (pp. 137-154). New York, NY: Routledge.

Back, M. D., & Nestler, S., (2016). Accuracy of Judging Personality. In J. A. Hall, M., Schmid Mast, & T. V., West (Eds.), The social psychology of perceiving others accurately (pp. 98-124). Cambridge University Press.

Oeberst, A., Cress, U., Back, M. D., & Nestler, S. (2016). Individual versus collaborative information processing: The case of biases in Wikipedia. In U. Cress, H. Jeong, & J. Moskaliuk (Eds.), Mass collaboration and Education (pp. 165-185). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

von der Beck, I., Oeberst, A., Cress, U., Back, M. D., & Nestler, S. (2015). Hätte die Geschichte auch anders verlaufen können? Der Rückschaufehler zu Ereignissen in Wikipedia. In T. Wozniak, U. Rohwedder & J., Nemitz (Hrsg.), Wikipedia und Geschichtswissenschaft (S. 155-174). Oldenbourg: DeGruyter.

Zimmermann, J., Hutteman, R., Nestler, S., Neyer, F. J., & Back, M. D.(2015). Und wenn Sie zurückkommen, sind Sie plötzlich erwachsen? Auslandserfahrungen als Kontext der Persönlichkeitsentwicklung. In Fachstelle für Internationale Jugendarbeit der Bundesrepublik Deutschland e.V. (Ed.), Forum Jugendarbeit International (pp. 203-213). Bonn: IJAB-Verlag.



Since 04/2017

Estimation of complex social relations model data with maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG); 175.000 €; Nestler (NE 1485/7-1)


Understanding and enhancing the accuracy of self- and meta-judgments of personality: An integrative lens model approach; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG); 125.000 €; Nestler & Back (NE 1485/6-1; BA 3731/8-1)


Reception and production of scientific information in Wikipedia: The influence of hindsight bias and social categorization; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG); 110.000 €; Nestler & Back (NE 1485/5-1) within the Special Priority Program "Science and the Public"


The longitudinal course of narcissists’ reputations: A developmental social interaction approach; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG); 250.000 €; Back, Nestler & Egloff (BA 3731/6-1)

2009 – 2012

I’ve always known that you are lazy – Analyses on Personality Judgment Hindsight Bias; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG); 100.000 €; Nestler, Back & Egloff (NE 1485/2-1)

2008 – 2010

Inevitability, foresseability, and memory distortions: Experimental induced dissocuations between the hindsight components; supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG); 105.000 €; Nestler (NE 1485/1-1)

letzte Änderung: 19.10.2017